International Symposium: «Le stuc dans les grands décors en France et en Europe, de la Renaissance à 1850»

L’objectif de ces journées est de faire le point sur les recherches en cours, les avancées dans les domaines de la restauration et de l’analyse scientifique, les découvertes effectuées à l’occasion de récents chantiers de restauration et définir des objets de recherches pluridisciplinaires.

L’usage du stuc dans l’Antiquité et au Moyen Âge a suscité l’intérêt des historiens de l’art et des scientifiques du patrimoine français. Par contre, hormis dans la sphère provençale et languedocienne, où le milieu universitaire est particulièrement actif sur le sujet des décors, le stuc demeure un champ d’étude encore trop peu exploré en France pour la période de la Renaissance au XIXe siècle.

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Wand- und Deckenmalerei zwischen Mittelalter und Früher Neuzeit (Hundisburg, 21-24 Sep 23)

Im Gegensatz zur großen Bedeutung der mittelalterlichen und frühneuzeitlichen Wand- und Deckenmalerei und Architekturfarbigkeit für die Botschaft historischer Gebäude, ist ihre authentische Überlieferung fragmentarisch. Umbauten, Verfall, Wandel in religiösen Auffassungen und gesellschaftlichen Strukturen sowie viele andere Faktoren haben dazu beigetragen. Was heute noch sichtbar ist, verdankt sich glücklichen Zufällen, unterschiedlich begründeten Freilegungen und oft mehr oder weniger gelungenen Ergänzungen und Übermalungen des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts. Es handelt sich also um eine besonders gefährdete Kunstgattung. Hinzu kommt mit der immer weiter fortschreitenden Säkularisierung und abnehmender Kenntnis klassischer Bildungsinhalte ein schnell schwindendes Verständnis der den Malereien zugrundeliegenden Ikonografie.
Bisher fehlt in Sachsen-Anhalt noch ein landesumfassendes Bestandsinventar der Wand- und Deckenmalereien. In der Altmark und in der Börde wurden dazu bereits erste Ansätze geschaffen. Im Mittelpunkt der Tagung sollen daher neben Fragen zur Erfassungssystematik, die sich hieraus ableitenden denkmalpflegerischen, nutzungstechnischen und restauratorischen Konsequenzen stehen. Dabei wird sowohl das Für und Wider technischer Gründe zur Freilegung in der Praxis als auch die Möglichkeiten und die Verantwortung einer didaktischen Aufbereitung des Bestandes andiskutiert. Über den Kirchenbau hinaus soll dabei der Blick auch auf den Bereich der Profanarchitektur gerichtet werden.

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Two publication in ISPRS Archives and Annals

Two papers of the German 3D Team outlining the approach to imaging the three sites with ceiling paintings in Dresden, Ansbach and Rheinsberg have  been published:

Hindmarch, J., Burioni, M.,Hess, M.: FLEXIBLE WORKFLOW FOR MULTIMODAL 3D IMAGING OF VAULTED PAINTED CEILINGS IN HIGH DETAIL, ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., X-M-1-2023, 133–141, https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-annals-X-M-1-2023-133-2023

Hindmarch, J., Hess, M., Groh, M., Burioni, M.: SEMI-AUTOMATED METHODOLOGY FOR 3D IMAGING OF LARGE VAULTED CEILING PAINTINGS, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLVIII-M-2-2023-721-2023, 2023

New Publication : Cieili dipinti. Soffitti lignei nell’Europa meridionale fra Medioevo e Rinascimento

New publication : M. d’Arcano Grattoni, Fr. Fratta de Tomas (dir.), Cieli dipinti. Soffitti lignei nell’Europa meridionale fra Medioevo e Rinascimento

Proceedings of the conference with the same title, Udine et Cividale del Friuli, 8-10 novembre 2019

 

Milan, Silvana editoriale, 2023
336 p., 260 ill.,
ISBN 9788836654475

Table of contents

Website of the publisher

l gusto per i soffitti lignei dipinti costituisce un fenomeno che interessò soprattutto l’Europa meridionale dal Medioevo centrale al Rinascimento, rappresentando – pur se declinato secondo modalità strutturali ed esornative differenti – un elemento caratteristico e unificante. Anche se tali manufatti sono depositari di molteplici informazioni sulla cultura del tempo e costituiscono spesso l’unica cifra capace di tramandarci il decoro degli interni, solo recentemente sono divenuti oggetto di un sempre crescente interesse. Inserito nell’ambito di un percorso di ricerca in seno al Dipartimento di Studi umanistici e del patrimonio culturale (DIUM) dell’Università di Udine, il convegno ha riunito studiosi provenienti da Croazia, Francia, Germania, Italia, Portogallo, Spagna, Svizzera e, oltre ad affrontare aspetti strettamente scientifici, ha voluto stimolare l’interesse per questa espressione artistica in parte ancora a rischio di dispersione e di distruzione, tuttora poco nota a un pubblico non specialistico e soltanto parzialmente valorizzata.

Translation of the presentation in English

The taste for painted wooden ceilings constitutes a phenomenon that mainly interested southern Europe from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance, representing – even if declined according to different structural and decorative modalities – a characteristic and unifying element. Although such artefacts are repositories of a great deal of information on the culture of the time and often constitute the only marker capable of handing down the decor of interiors, they have only recently become the subject of increasing interest. As part of a research project within the Department of Humanistic Studies and Cultural Heritage (DIUM) of the University of Udine, the conference brought together scholars from Croatia, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland. In addition to addressing strictly scientific aspects, the conference aimed to stimulate interest in this artistic expression, which is still partly at risk of dispersion and destruction, and is still little known to a non-specialist public and only partially valorised.

Call for Paper : “Le stuc dans les grands décors français, de la Renaissance au XIXe siècle » (11-13 décembre 2023, Paris, Versailles, Fontainebleau)”

L’usage du stuc dans l’Antiquité et au Moyen Âge a suscité l’intérêt des historiens de l’art et des scientifiques du patrimoine français. Par contre, hormis dans la sphère provençale et languedocienne, où le milieu universitaire est particulièrement actif sur le sujet des décors, le stuc demeure un champ d’étude encore trop peu exploré en France pour la période de la Renaissance au XIXe siècle.

Pourtant, le vaste sujet du stuc connaît en Europe un certain engouement, comme en témoignent le Centro Studi per la Storia dello Stucco in Età Moderna e Contemporanea, les publications du Rijksdienst voor Cultureel Erfgoed des Pays-Bas, les colloques organisés par la Low Countries Sculpture Society et par l’université de Pardubice, en République Tchèque.


La galerie Mazarin à la Bibliothèque nationale de France, la chambre de la duchesse d’Étampes, la galerie François Ier et la Porte Dorée à Fontainebleau, la galerie d’Apollon et l’appartement d’été d’Anne d’Autriche au Louvre ou encore la galerie des Glaces et le salon de Diane à Versailles sont autant de campagnes de restaurations récentes ou en cours qui concernent en partie le stuc. Elles sont l’opportunité de mettre en lumière la question du stuc dans les grands décors français en stuc, de la Renaissance au XIXe siècle.

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Publication: De l’Aragon au Frioul : esquisse d’une géographie des plafonds peints médiévaux

Publication: De l’Aragon au Frioul : esquisse d’une géographie des plafonds peints médiévaux
Monique Bourin, Maud Pérez-Simon et Georges Puchal (dir.)
Actes des rencontres RCPPM (Lagrasse, octobre 2015)

Paris, Editions de la Sorbonne, 2021.
EAN électronique : 9791035106331
DOI : 10.4000/books.psorbonne.83555

Présentation with the table of contents of the books :  https://books.openedition.org/psorbonne/83555

Between the thirteenth and sixteenth centuries, in the western Mediterranean regions, princes, lords, prelates and businessmen liked to decorate the interiors of their homes richly. They brought the image into their homes, forerunners of a long history of domestic spaces. Today, thanks to restorations, we are rediscovering the abundant decoration of the ceilings, more rarely that of the walls. Hundreds, thousands of previously unpublished images have come to light, revealing an almost unknown secular Middle Ages.

Amongst the luxuriance of the cornices and mouldings where ribbons wind or flowers and foliage blossom, the boards slid between the joists have received paintings whose thematic variety opens up a new part of the imagination of these centuries. The rigour of the heraldic programme is combined with an animal world that is often fantastic, but also domestic, familiar or exotic. Here and there, sketches show human figures at play, at festivals, at work (very little), or in combat. Here, the vein is refined, there, of comic truculence.

This book covers, for the first time, all the Mediterranean regions that participated in this taste for painted frames, traces the chronology of their history, observes the common features of their inspiration and brings out the nuances: the Renaissance and the Antique are expressed at the same time as the funniness of the fabliaux.

Markus Castor : The concept of emergence as a methodological tool for understanding ceiling paintings?

Seminary, march 2, 2023.

Markus A. Castor
The concept of emergence as a methodological tool for understanding ceiling paintings?
Some remarks on the symposium Emergence – from place to the space of images, Paris, December 2022

Regarding the symposium in Paris in December 2022[1] that focused the theme of emergence and the phenomena of interactions between pictorial space and the viewers space, the question arose whether and to what extent such a concept of emergence could be a useful instrument for understanding painted and sculpted ceiling design. In the following, we will address some of the aspects discussed at the conference in order to relate them to our questions of the project.

For the complete version of the text: Emergence ENGL_PDF

[1] Du lieu à l’espace des images dans l’art français du XVIIe au XIXe siècle, Colloque du 8 au 11 déc., Paris, Hôtel Lully, organisé par Julia Kloss-Weber, Valérie Kobi et Markus A. Castor (https://dfk-paris.org/fr/event/emergence-3499.html ).

 

A new ceiling par Gerard de Lairesse

A three-part ceiling painting by Gerard de Lairesse has been found in the collection of the Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands (RCE). They form one colossal trompe l’oeil with an opening in the middle under which Fame flies.

 

Exhibition in Washington on Drawings for Painted Ceilings

At the National Gallery in Washington a series of 30 preparatory drawings for painted ceilings is currently to be seen. The show “Looking Up: Studies for Ceilings, 1550–1800” runs January 29 – July 9, 2023.  The exhibition is curated by Jonathan Bober, former Andrew W. Mellon Senior Curator of Prints and Drawings, National Gallery of Art.

Johann Georg Dieffenbrunner, The Stoning of Saint Stephen, 1754. Washington, National Gallery of Art

3D restitution technologies for enhanced knowledge of medieval painted ceilings

Georges Puchal y Marion Ortiz : Les technologies de restitution 3D au service de la connaissance des plafonds peints médiévaux (3D restitution technologies for enhanced knowledge of medieval painted ceilings)

In Patrimoines du Sud, 12, 2020 : Patrimoines et numérique : un état de la recherche et des expérimentations (Heritage and digital solutions: a status report on research and experimentation)

https://doi.org/10.4000/pds.4518

3D modelling is of real interest in the research and dissemination of knowledge on medieval painted ceilings. Intrinsic to architecture, but also carrying rich and as yet unknown, artistic and social content, their study is complex for several reasons. Site access issues and complex structures with multiple volumes, make reading the ensembles difficult. Research work over the last thirty years has demonstrated the importance of the general organisation of decorative elements when studying symbolism. The use of digital imagery via 3D modelling makes it possible to overcome these constraints. The International Association for Research on Medieval Painted Structures and Ceilings (RCPPM) is currently exploring ways of applying 3D modelling to these objects of study.

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